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This Day In HistoryMay 27

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1703: Founding of St. Petersburg.

Located on the delta of the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland, St. Petersburg was founded this day (May 16, Old Style). Originally, the region was known as Izhorskaya Zemlya or, more commonly, Ingermanland or Ingria. It came under the control of Novgorod but long remained thinly populated. In the 15th century the area passed with Novgorod into the possession of the grand princes of Moscow. Sweden annexed Ingria in 1617 and established fortresses along the Neva. Peter the Great gained control of the area during the Second Northern War (1700–21) and personally laid the foundation stones for the Peter-Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island.

More events on this day

1994:Exiled from the Soviet Union since February 13, 1974, for writing The Gulag Archipelago, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn returned to his homeland.
1993:A terrorist bomb went off in Florence, damaging a wing of the famous Uffizi Gallery.
1964:Former Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, a leader of the Indian independence movement of the 1930s and '40s, died in New Delhi.
1941:In World War II the British navy sunk the spectacular German battleship Bismarck.
1905:The final conflict of the Russo-Japanese War, the Battle of Tsushima, commenced.
1889:The American petrochemical corporation South Penn Oil Co., later Pennzoil Company, was founded in Pennsylvania.
1660:The Treaty of Copenhagen between Sweden and Denmark-Norway was signed, concluding a generation of warfare between the two powers, as well as helping to establish the modern boundaries of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.