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Minnesota, University ofBritannica Student Article

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multi-branch, state-supported university that was founded in 1851 and opened its doors to students in 1869. The main unit is known as the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, which is made up of a large campus in Minneapolis and a smaller one in St. Paul. The two are about 5 miles (8 kilometers) apart and linked by a free shuttle service. The Minneapolis campus, which is divided by the Mississippi River, features the majority of programs as well as most of the student residences (though both housing and parking are scarce). Some buildings are linked by underground tunnels, which help students get around during the harsh winter weather. The St. Paul campus offers programs in agriculture, forestry, home economics, veterinary medicine, and biological sciences. The university has an arboretum of about 700 acres (280 hectares).

With some 40,000 students, the Twin Cities branch is one of the largest single campuses in the United States. The university grants bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degrees and operates on the quarter system. Approximately 90 percent of the full-time faculty hold doctorates.

Undergraduates number about 26,000, and about two thirds are Minnesota residents. About a third of the students attend part-time. The numbers of men and women seeking bachelor's degrees are relatively equal. Undergraduates are offered a vast array of degree programs, covering subjects such as area and ethnic studies, liberal arts and sciences, agriculture, engineering, business, visual and performing arts, education, communications, computer science, criminology, natural resource sciences, home economics, architecture, nursing and other health professions, recreational studies, and speech therapy. Because of the school's location in the Twin Cities, there are numerous opportunities for internships. Study-abroad programs are available in some 60 countries.

Graduate studies are offered in many of the same areas as undergraduate programs. The business school, known as Carlson, has one of the top programs in the United States in management information systems. The medical school is known for its expertise in rural medicine, and the dentistry program is likewise highly regarded. Graduate programs in chemical engineering, public health, and health-services administration are ranked among the best in the nation, and the law school is rated as one of the top 25 institutions in the field.

The Twin Cities branch conducts some 350 extracurricular activities, including intramural sports, student government, religious organizations, academic clubs, musical and theatrical groups, publications, and the campus radio station. The fraternity and sorority system is very large. Varsity sports teams, nicknamed the Golden Gophers, compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (except the football team, which participates in Division I-A). School colors are maroon and gold. Carnival Weekend, which raises money for charity, is a popular annual event. Many students enjoy outdoor activities such as skiing and skating in the winter, and numerous nearby lakes provide swimming and boating opportunities in the summer.

The second branch of the University of Minnesota was founded in Duluth in 1947. It covers some 250 acres (100 hectares). Enrollment is more than 7,600 students, including some 500 graduate students. The numbers of men and women attending are about equal, and most students are state residents. About a third of the students live in campus housing.

Like all the campuses, the Duluth branch operates on the quarter system. Fields of study for bachelor's degree candidates include liberal arts and sciences, criminology, education, business, visual and performing arts, human resources, industrial engineering, and speech pathology. Graduate programs are in many of these same areas, as well as in medicine and health professions and related sciences. About 80 percent of the full-time faculty hold doctorates.

Some 130 extracurricular activities are available to students at Duluth, including departmental clubs, a few fraternities and sororities, the student-run newspaper, a drama group, choir, and intramural sports. Depending on the sport, varsity teams compete in either the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics or in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. All NCAA competition is in Division II except for in hockey, which is in Division I. School colors are maroon and gold, and the mascot is a bulldog.

The small town of Morris, Minn., is home to a 130-acre (53-hectare) campus of the University of Minnesota featuring traditional brick and mortar buildings. It was founded in 1959 as a school for Native Americans, and in recognition of this heritage, Native Americans who are accepted to Morris attend tuition-free. Total enrollment is roughly 2,000 students, all seeking bachelor's degrees. The majority of students are state residents or from the North Central area. Women slightly outnumber men. About half of the students, including most freshmen, live on campus. A selective institution, most students ranked in the top quarter or better of their high school class, and several were National Merit Scholars.

The academic program at the university's Morris campus is concentrated mainly in the liberal arts and sciences. Programs are also offered in education, visual and performing arts, and speech. The Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program gives select students a stipend to conduct their own research with the help of a faculty member. About 85 percent of the full-time faculty hold doctorates. About a quarter of the students pursue advanced degrees within a year of graduation.

Some 60 extracurricular activities are conducted at Morris, including intramural sports, musical and theatrical groups, fraternities and sororities, volunteer organizations, the campus radio station, and student government. Varsity sports teams compete in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics. Morris carries on a traditional rivalry with the Duluth branch of the university.

The 95-acre (38-hectare) campus in rural Crookston, Minn., was founded in 1966. Admission is noncompetitive, and enrollment is about 1,500 students. Relatively equal numbers of men and women attend, and roughly two thirds of the students are Minnesota residents. Approximately half of the students attend part-time, and many are over the age of 25. Close to half of the students live in campus housing, all of which is coeducational.

The Crookston branch awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Degrees are offered in the areas of agriculture, aviation, business, computer information systems, equestrian studies, hospitality services, general studies, nutrition, biological sciences, child and family studies, and natural resources sciences.

Some 15 extracurricular activities are available to Crookston students, including a drama club, choir, and intramural sports. Varsity sports teams compete in the National Junior College Athletic Association,