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Minkowski, Hermann Britannica Student Article

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(1864–1909), German mathematician, born in Aleksotas, Russia (now Kaunas, Lithuania); brother of Oskar Minkowski; son of German parents living in Russia; returned to Germany 1872; doctorate Univ. of Königsberg 1885; taught mathematics in Bonn (1885–94), Königsberg (1894–96), Zürich (1896–1902), Univ. of Göttingen (1902–09); developed geometric theory of numbers; used geometric methods to solve difficult problems in number theory, mathematical physics, theory of relativity; his idea of four-dimensional space (“Minkowski space”), combining three dimensions of physical space with time, laid foundation for Einstein's theory of relativity; major work ‘Space and Time' (1907).